Colossians 1:15 [Who] is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation[?] 16 For [in] Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities — all things have been created through Him and for Him. 17 He [has existed prior to] all things, and in Him all things [endure]. (NASB)
The following is a slightly modified excerpt from my forthcoming book entitled: Our Messiah Few REALLY Know. This represents copyrighted material; please treat it as such. On this “yom” in history — the “evening” of March 21st and the “morning” of March 22nd of the pagan Gregorian calendar on non-leap years — the following occurred…
As Christ was recognized as the Light of the first day of Creation, now the creation of the sun, moon, and stars occurred on the fourth day:
Genesis 1:14 Then God said, “Let there be lights [=”luminaries/light-bearers” throughout the passage] in the expanse [=”firmament” throughout the passage] of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years; 15 and let them be for lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth”; and it was so. 16 God made the two great lights, the greater light to govern the day, and the lesser light to govern the night; He made the stars also. 17 God placed them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, 18 and to govern the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good. 19 There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day. (NASB)
Four items should be noted regarding the sun, moon, and stars:
- Time accounting began on this day “… for seasons and for days and years;”
- They are used for Heavenly signs – not to be confused with astrology (Isaiah 47:13-14);
- ALL are luminaries or light-bearers (yes, even the moon!); and
- Each “yom“ (=day) is, in fact, just that – there could not be eons between day three (when the flora were created) and day four (when the sun was created to make them grow).
Again, the Book of Jubilees adds details:
Jubilees 2:8 And on the fourth day He created the sun and the moon and the stars, and set them in the firmament of the heaven, to give light upon all the earth, and to rule over the day and the night, and divide the light from the darkness. 9 And God appointed the sun* to be a great sign on the earth for days and for sabbaths and for months and for feasts and for years and for sabbaths of years and for jubilees and for all seasons of the years. 10 And it divideth the light from the darkness [and] for prosperity, that all things may prosper which shoot and grow on the earth. These three kinds He made on the fourth day.
*Footnote: Note the intentional omission of the moon. The writer objected to a calendar based upon the changes of the moon.
Note that sabbaths equates to “weeks” throughout this passage. By making this substitution, we have the following for v9:
“And God appointed the sun to be a great sign on the earth:
- for days and
- for weeks and
- for months and
- for feasts (i.e., Heb. mo’edim or appointed times) and
- for years and
- for weeks of years (i.e., a grouping of seven years) and
- for jubilees (i.e., a grouping of seven weeks of years or 49 years) and
- for all seasons of the years (i.e., the equinoxes and solstices and their seasons).”
Josephus adds little else to the narrative:
Ant. 1.1.1 “… On the fourth day he adorned the heaven with the sun, the moon, and the other stars, and appointed them their motions and courses, that the vicissitudes of the seasons might be clearly signified.”
At this point, an image of how various cultures of antiquity – especially the Hebrews – viewed the world is appropriate:
“Ancient Hebrew Conception of the Universe.” Graphic by KarBel Multimedia. Copyright © 2012 Logos Bible Software.
Except for Sheol and the Great Deep, what was presented in the 1998 movie “The Truman Show” had some interesting similarities albeit on a much smaller scale. It demonstrates how most of society is trapped in a world of consumerism, self-absorption, vicarious living, voyeurism, and a false reality that only those who have awakened can escape – just like those who resist the secular and embrace the spiritual.
Returning to the figure above, that conception is only half right. The celestial sphere is just that – a sphere – although it is far from being abstract; it was the firmament created on the second day. Furthermore, the firmament is freely rotating as will be discussed below. However, the Earth is buoyant upon the waters of the Great Deep as is depicted; that is why dry land appeared on the third day.
Now, imagine looking straight down at the Earth from the point of the Gate of Heaven in the figure above onto a postdiluvian world. A growing minority is accepting – through research as well as personal observation and experimentation – that the Earth may exist in a form like that presented in the Gleason map:
Imagine the celestial sphere, or firmament, containing the Earth exactly at 90° South Latitude where it reads “Longitude East of Greenwich” on the map, and hold that thought for a moment. Some interesting comments are made at the bottom of the map concerning the course of the sun. Under the June Solstice section on the bottom left, it reads:
“In the figures June and December, the white represents the Sun’s position in his respective months, at Noon. This shows sunlight inside the Arctic Circle for 24 hours. From June 21st, the Sun moves round the Tropics in a spiral circle, widening every day, until it reaches its destiny on the southern or outer Solstice, on December 21st.”
Under the December Solstice section on the bottom right, it reads:
“On December 21st, the Sun moves round the Tropic of Capricorn, and during the day lights up the southern portion of the Earth from the Arctic Circle to some portion of the Antarctic ice. There is no ‘sunlight’ beyond 80° south, but unknown regions of ice. On the 23d (sic) of December, the Sun commences his northward journey again, returning to his starting place, and thus completes his seasons.”
That is certainly is not what “modern science” has taught in classroom across the world. To demonstrate how the sun would travel during the course of the year, examine the video entitled “Here comes the Sun – Flat Earth Sun explained.” Other videos display how the moon and planets – the latter called “wandering stars” by the ancients – operate within this construct. In fact, the etymology of the word “planet” derives from the Greek (asteres) planetai meaning “wandering (stars).” As an aside, it is interesting that the United Nations flag is modeled after the Gleason map.
A historical figure rarely heard about is Auguste Piccard, who was “a Swiss physicist, inventor and explorer, known for his record-breaking hot air balloon flights, with which he studied Earth’s upper atmosphere and cosmic rays…” Piccard was interviewed by Popular Science after safely returning from an ascent of 15,781m (51,775 feet) with his co-pilot Charles Kipfer on May 27, 1931 – shattering all altitude records at that time; it appeared in the August 1931 issue in the article entitled “Ten Miles High in an Air-Tight Ball.” Regarding the Earth from that altitude, he was quoted as saying:
“It seemed a flat disk with upturned edge.”
Afterwards, his “scientific heresy” was quickly swept under the rug – this profound discovery from an erudite explorer and first-hand observer. He witnessed the reality of this world and attempted to convey it as the scientist that he was. Regarding the “upturned edge,” was that referencing the Antarctic ice wall that allegedly encircles the Earth? On that subject, Piccard was silent – at least to the scientific community and general public.
Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd encountered this ice wall at the Ross Ice Shelf during his first Antarctic expedition in 1928-30 where he established the first Little America base. Note the image in the article captioned as “Ross Ice Shelf edge in 1997.” An interesting televised interview with Admiral Byrd regarding Antarctica was conducted on an episode of the “Longines Chronoscope;” the original air date is unknown at the time of this writing.
Examine the stars affixed to the dome of the firmament in this time-lapse photography by Lincoln Harrison:
Copyright © by Lincoln Harrison and Caters News.
It is simply amazing how the stars north of the equator rotate counterclockwise around Polaris, or the North or Pole Star. Meanwhile, for those south of the equator, the stars rotate clockwise around the imaginary south celestial pole (SCP). This is easily explained based on perspective. The following quote is found in the article entitled “The North Star: Polaris” on Space.com:
“Exactly where you see Polaris in your northern sky depends on your latitude. From New York it stands 41 degrees above the northern horizon, which also corresponds to the latitude of New York. Since 10 degrees is roughly equal to your clenched fist held at arm’s length, from New York Polaris would appear to stand about “four fists” above the northern horizon. At the North Pole, you would find it overhead. At the equator, Polaris would appear to sit right on the horizon. So if you travel to the north, the North Star climbs progressively higher the farther north you go. When you head south, the star drops lower and ultimately disappears once you cross the equator and head into the Southern Hemisphere.”
The converse holds true regarding the SCP on the opposite horizon. To reiterate, an observer at 90° North Latitude on the Earth would see Polaris directly overhead, but not the SCP, and all the stars would appear to rotate counterclockwise around it. Likewise, an observer standing at 90° South Latitude would witness the stars revolving around the SCP in a clockwise motion with no Polaris in sight. However, an observer directly on the equator would perceive Polaris to the north with the stars rotating counterclockwise around it AND the SCP to the south with the stars rotating clockwise around it – with both at opposite horizons, and all the constellations on the celestial equator would appear directly overhead.
To demonstrate this, a simple model is required. Take two, clear hemispheres labeling the apex of one “N”orth and the other “S”outh – think along the lines of a spherical baseball display case. Place some water in the “southern hemisphere” representing the Great Deep; blue food coloring may be added for effect. Next, drop in a buoyant Earth, say, a replica made from halving a ball of soap – wiping up any spillage from the water displacement. Attaching a downsized, laminated Gleason map on the flat surface would be a nice touch. Finally, adhere the “northern hemisphere” to the southern. Now, you have a true flat Earth model described in the Bible!
Follow this thought experiment employing the model described:
- North Pole Observer: With the “north pole” pointing upwards, rotate the “celestial sphere” counterclockwise with respect to that pole. All the visible stars above the horizon would appear to rotate counterclockwise.
- Equatorial Observer: With the poles at opposite horizons of the flat Earth model, rotate the “celestial sphere” counterclockwise with respect to the “north pole.” The stars would appear to rotate counterclockwise towards the north and clockwise towards the south.
- South Pole Observer: With the “south pole” pointing upwards, rotate the “celestial sphere” counterclockwise with respect to the “north pole.” All the visible stars above the horizon would appear to rotate clockwise.
Be sure to read the companion articles in the Creation Week and Mo’edim series:
- Yom Rishon (First Day)
- Yom Sheni (Second Day)
- Yom Shlishi (Third Day) – The True Vernal Equinox
- Yom Chamishi (Fifth Day)
- Yom Shishi (Sixth Day) – The Last Day of Creation
- Mo’ed: Shabbat (Weekly Sabbath)
Shema Yisrael! (Hear, Israel!)
Copyright (C) 1995-2018, L. Alan Schuetz. All rights reserved.