Mo’ed: Pesach Sheni (Second Passover)

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Of all the appointed times (Heb. mo’edim), Second Passover (Heb. Pesach Sheni) is by far the least known.  Pesach Sheni occurs on the 14th day of the second month on the 5th day of the week — exactly one month after Passover (Heb. Pesach) on 14 Abib on the third day of the week; see the Qumran calendar from the Dead Sea Scrolls for details.  When reconciled with the pagan Gregorian calendar, this day falls on the “evening” of May 3rd and the “morning” of May 4th.  [Author’s Note:  As I was a firstborn son on the “morning” of May 4th, this is a special honor!]

Let’s examine the origins of this mo’ed:

Numbers 9:4 So Moses told the sons of Israel to observe the Passover. 5 They observed the Passover in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight, in the wilderness of Sinai; according to all that the Lord had commanded Moses, so the sons of Israel did. 6 But there were some men who were unclean because of the dead person, so that they could not observe Passover on that day; so they came before Moses and Aaron on that day. 7 Those men said to him, “Though we are unclean because of the dead person, why are we restrained from presenting the offering of the Lord at its appointed time among the sons of Israel?” 8 Moses therefore said to them, “Wait, and I will listen to what the Lord will command concerning you.”

9 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 10 “Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘If any one of you or of your generations becomes unclean because of a dead person, or is on a distant journey, he may, however, observe the Passover to the Lord. 11 In the second month on the fourteenth day at twilight, they shall observe it; they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. 12 They shall leave none of it until morning, nor break a bone of it; according to all the statute of the Passover they shall observe it. 13 But the man who is clean and is not on a journey, and yet neglects to observe the Passover, that person shall then be cut off from his people, for he did not present the offering of the Lord at its appointed time. That man will bear his sin. 14 If an alien sojourns among you and observes the Passover to the Lord, according to the statute of the Passover and according to its ordinance, so he shall do; you shall have one statute, both for the alien and for the native of the land.’” (NASB)

That seems pretty straight-forward.  If someone were on a long journey during Passover in the first month or they were unclean because of contact with a corpse, then they could observe this appointed time in the second month.  Note:  Few realize that the term translated as “alien” (Heb. ger[im]) in v14 above, is referring to Gentile proselytes to Judaism.

Passover/Unleavened Bread represents one of the three pilgrimage festivals (Heb. Shalosh Regalim) requiring all Israelite males to visit the Tabernacle, in the wilderness originally, and after reaching the Promised Land, in the City of David, each year.  The other two festivals are the Feast of Weeks [aka Pentecost] (Heb. Shavu’ot) and the Feast of Tabernacles/Booths (Heb. Sukkot).  Let’s examine the Law (Heb. Torah)  in that regard in Deuteronomy 16:1-17 concentrating on vv16-17:

Deuteronomy 16:16 “Three times in a year all your males shall appear before the Lord your God in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and at the Feast of Weeks and at the Feast of Booths, and they shall not appear before the Lord empty-handed. 17 Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the Lord your God which He has given you. (NASB)

Contrary to modern practice, this commandment has never ceased since the time of the Exodus (Gr. exodos; Heb. yetzi’at mitzrayim) from the land of Goshen (Genesis 45:4-11 concentrating on v10) in Egypt.

Bottom line:  Missing even one of the Shalosh Regalim had serious consequences for Israelite men as it has “three witnesses” in the Torah (Deuteronomy 16:1-17; Exodus 23:14-19, 34:10-26).  Note:  Firstborn Israelite sons were to be redeemed:

Exodus 34:19 “The first offspring from every womb belongs to Me, and all your male livestock, the first offspring from cattle and sheep. 20 You shall redeem with a lamb the first offspring from a donkey; and if you do not redeem it, then you shall break its neck. You shall redeem all the firstborn of your sons. None shall appear before Me empty-handed.” (NASB)

How is a firstborn Israelite son redeemed?  See Numbers 3:40-51 concentrating on vv46-48:

Numbers 3:46 For the ransom of the 273 of the firstborn of the sons of Israel who are in excess beyond the Levites, 47 you shall take five shekels apiece, per head; you shall take them in terms of the shekel of the sanctuary (the shekel is twenty gerahs), 48 and give the money, the ransom of those who are in excess among them, to Aaron and to his sons. (NASB)

This is repeated in Numbers 18:14-16.  Likewise, special burnt and sin offerings were to be made when children were born (Leviticus 12 focusing on the two turtledoves or two young pigeons in v8).  Note that male sons are to be circumcised on the eighth day after birth.  Let’s fast forward to Christ’s circumcision:

Luke 2:21 And when eight days had passed, before His circumcision, His name was then called [Joshua], the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb. (NASB)

After Mary’s (Heb. Miryam) forty days of purification (i.e., 7+33 days per Leviticus 12:2,4) at the Temple:

Luke 2:22 And when the days for their purification according to the law of Moses were completed, they brought Him up to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord 23 (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, “Every firstborn male that opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”), 24 and to offer a sacrifice according to what was said in the Law of the Lord, “A pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.” (NASB)

Everything Christ did — even as a newborn with Torah-observant parents — was performed in accordance with the Law:

Matthew 5:17 “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. 18 For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. 19 Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.” (NASB)

Author’s Note:  What I teach is foreign to many Christians, but we must remember that Yehoshu’a hailed from the tribe of Judah (Hebrews 7:14).  For those who want to understand my motivation and desire to teach, re-read Matthew 5:19b in bold above.  I will be the first to admit that I have problems keeping the Law, but I am also a Gentile who is under Grace; therefore, I am to abstain from four things determined at the First Council of Jerusalem by Christ’s half-brother Ya’acov [=Jacob; mistranslated as James] (Acts 15:1-29 concentrating on vv19-20 and 28-29).

So, why was there not a “second chance” for Shavu’ot or Sukkot?  Because Pesach Sheni represented foreshadowing of things to come during Christ’s crucifixion!  Recall that Christ is the paschal Lamb of God (John 1:35-36; Revelation 5:6, 6:9, 7:17, 14:10, 15:3, 19:9, 21:23, 22:1, 22:3) who was crucified on Passover (14 Abib), aka Preparation Day, in 36 CE.  For more on the “seven Spirits of God” referenced in Revelation 5:6, see here.

Let’s review Christ’s death and burial in Matthew 27:33-61, Mark 15:22-47, Luke 23:33-56, and John 19:16-42 before the first day of Unleavened Bread (15 Abib), which is an annual or high Sabbath.  The care of the corpse is best described in John 19:31-42 concentrating on vv38-42:

John 19:38 After these things Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but a secret one for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His body. 39 Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds weight. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. 42 Therefore because of the Jewish day of preparation, since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there. (NASB)

Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus were unclean with certainty as Joseph took possession Christ’s corpse with Pilate’s permission, and Nicodemus anointed His corpse with myrrh and aloes.  It is highly likely that His mother Mary, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joseph (wife of Clopas?), the mother of the sons of Zebedee (James and John), and Salome were rendered unclean as well.  Although Second Passover is explicitly applicable to the two men, women also partake of the Passover; therefore, it would be applicable to all.

One parting thought…  Most Biblical scholars and theologians teach that Christ’s ministry lasted 3-1/2 years as three Passovers are mentioned in the Book of John.  Since most of these “scholars” believe they are of “New Testament-only churches,” they dismiss Torah.  Again, what did Christ say in Matthew 5:17-19?  Is He a liar?  Absolutely not.  What they miss is that one of those Passovers is the Second Passover; therefore, His ministry lasted a little over 1-1/2 years.  That fact will be discussed in detail on the day leading up to the Feast of New Wine on July 22nd.

In addition, Jewish storytelling is typically NOT in chronological order. The storyteller gives a piece here and there — much like a patchwork quilt — having all the pieces being interwoven at the end to complete the story. This is witnessed throughout the OT and is certainly the case with the Book of John.  Only the Book of Luke — and by extension Acts — is explicitly written in chronological order based on eyewitness accounts (Luke 1:1-4 concentrating on vv2-3).


Be sure to read the companion articles in the Mo’edim (appointed times) and Agricultural Feasts series:

Shema Yisrael! (Hear, Israel!)

Copyright (C) 1995-2018, L. Alan Schuetz. All rights reserved.


2 Timothy 2:15 Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth. (NASB)

HaDerech Scroll - Paleo-Hebrew

Mo’ed and Agricultural Feast: Bikkurim (Early Firstfruits) – Barley – 26 Abib

Spring barley

Leviticus 23:10 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you enter the land which I am going to give to you and reap its harvest, then you shall bring in the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest. 11 He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord for you to be accepted; on the day after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.” (NASB)

Today, 26 Abib on the first day of the week (evening of 4/15 and morning of 4/16), marks First Fruits (Heb. Bikkurim), aka the wave offering (Heb. tenufah) of the barley sheaf (Heb. korban omer), the first of four agricultural feasts with each being 49 days apart, exclusive:

  • 26 Abib (barley) – Early Firstfruits (Bikkurim),
  • 15th of the third month (wheat) – Feast of Weeks (Shavu’ot)/Latter Firstfruits (Yom HaBikkurim),
  • 3rd of the fifth month (grapes) – Feast of New Wine (Chag Tirosh), and
  • 22nd of the sixth month (olive oil) – Feast of New Oil (Chag Yitzhar).

What is interesting is that Rabbinic Jews — with their “wise sages” — interpret “on the day after the sabbath” in Leviticus 23:11 to mean the first sabbath after Chag HaMatzot begins. The Dead Sea Scrolls made it abudantly clear that it was referring to the first sabbath after the Feast of Unleavened Bread ends. They also recognize the fig, pomegranate, and date harvests which are extrabiblical. That is exactly what happens when “learned men” attempt to discern the Scriptures for themselves instead of reading them plainly and simply.

There are numerous references to these four crops together throughout the Bible; note that barley and wheat are at times combined under the generic term “grain.” The Levitical priests’ portion came from these (focusing on v12):

Numbers 18:11 This also is yours, the offering of their gift, even all the wave offerings of the sons of Israel; I have given them to you and to your sons and daughters with you as a perpetual allotment. Everyone of your household who is clean may eat it. 12 All the best of the fresh oil and all the best of the fresh wine and of the grain, the first fruits of those which they give to the Lord, I give them to you. 13 The first ripe fruits of all that is in their land, which they bring to the Lord, shall be yours; everyone of your household who is clean may eat it. (NASB)

A bountiful harvest of these four were the reward for obedience to the Lord’s commandments:

Deuteronomy 11:13 “It shall come about, if you listen obediently to my commandments which I am commanding you today, to love the Lord your God and to serve Him with all your heart and all your soul, 14 that He will give the rain for your land in its season, the early and late rain, that you may gather in your grain and your new wine and your oil. (NASB)

In prophesy, the third seal is famine. See how these four staples are explicitly mentioned:

Revelation 6:6 And I heard something like a voice in the center of the four living creatures saying, “A quart of wheat for a denarius, and three quarts of barley for a denarius; and do not damage the oil and the wine.” (NASB)

Here is the Law regarding Early Firstfruits; it is not an annual nor high Sabbath:

Leviticus 23:9 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 10 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you enter the land which I am going to give to you and reap its harvest, then you shall bring in the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest. 11 He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord for you to be accepted; on the day after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12 Now on the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a male lamb one year old without defect for a burnt offering to the Lord. 13 Its grain offering shall then be two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering by fire to the Lord for a soothing aroma, with its drink offering, a fourth of a hin of wine.14 Until this same day, until you have brought in the offering of your God, you shall eat neither bread nor roasted grain nor new growth. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places. (NASB)

Christ blessed five barley loaves and two fish to feed the five thousand before Passover in 35 CE:

John 6:8 One of His disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, said to Him, 9 “There is a lad here who has five barley loaves and two fish, but what are these for so many people?” 10 Jesus said, “Have the people sit down.” Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand. 11 Jesus then took the loaves, and having given thanks, He distributed to those who were seated; likewise also of the fish as much as they wanted. 12 When they were filled, He said to His disciples, “Gather up the leftover fragments so that nothing will be lost.” 13 So they gathered them up, and filled twelve baskets with fragments from the five barley loaves which were left over by those who had eaten. 14 Therefore when the people saw the sign which He had performed, they said, “This is truly the Prophet who is to come into the world.” (NASB)


Be sure to read the companion articles in the Mo’edim (appointed times) and Agricultural Feasts series:

Shema Yisrael! (Hear, Israel!)

Copyright (C) 1995-2018, L. Alan Schuetz. All rights reserved.


2 Timothy 2:15 Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth. (NASB)

HaDerech Scroll - Paleo-Hebrew

21 Abib: The Last Day of Unleavened Bread – An Annual or High Sabbath

Exodus 23:15 You shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread; for seven days you are to eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the appointed time in the month Abib, for in it you came out of Egypt. And none shall appear before Me empty-handed. (NASB)

This “yom” on 21 Abib, the third day of the week (evening of 4/10 and morning of 4/11) on the seventh day of Unleavened Bread, marks the final day of the feast; it is an annual or High Sabbath and is a holy convocation:

Leviticus 23:6 Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. 8 But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. (NASB)

In 36 CE, Christ had ascended to Heaven for the first time the day before and spent this day resting at the right hand of the Most High.


Be sure to read the companion articles in the Passover/Unleavened Bread series as well as the events leading up to them:

Shema Yisrael! (Hear, Israel!)

Copyright (C) 1995-2018, L. Alan Schuetz. All rights reserved.


2 Timothy 2:15 Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth. (NASB)

HaDerech Scroll - Paleo-Hebrew

20 Abib: The Great Commission and Christ’s First Ascension

Luke 24:50 And He led them out as far as Bethany, and He lifted up His hands and blessed them. 51 While He was blessing them, He parted from them and was carried up into heaven. 52 And they, after worshiping Him, returned to Jerusalem with great joy, 53 and were continually in the temple praising God. (NASB)

On this day in history… 20 Abib in 36 CE, the second day of the week (evening of 4/9 and focusing on the morning of 4/10) on the sixth day of Unleavened Bread, the following occurred:

All three passages may be read here for your convenience.

As was discussed in yesterday’s article 19 Abib: Christ’s Empty Tomb Discovered, the account in Mark 16 is spurious as that passage was not found in early manuscripts and contains false information about the day of His resurrection in v9; see the footnotes for vv9 and 20.

This was the day that the Great Commission was issued and when Christ ascended into Heaven at Bethany in Galilee in Luke 24:50-53. This was also the day before the annual or High Sabbath that marked the closing of the Feast of Unleavened Bread on 21 Abib. On that day, He rested with His Father in Heaven.

Note that the original ascension did not occur forty (40) days after Easter on a Thursday (i.e., Feast of the Ascension) as is observed in some churches. We know that Christ visited His disciples on other occasions. For example, the “doubting Thomas” event occurred during the following week in John 20:26-31. We also have the opening of Acts (again, written to Mattathias ben Theophilus sometime between 65-66 CE when he served as chief priest in Jerusalem before the outbreak of the First Jewish-Roman War that started in 66 CE):

Acts 1:1 The first account I composed, Theophilus, about all that Jesus began to do and teach, 2 until the day when He was taken up to heaven, after He had by the Holy Spirit given orders to the apostles whom He had chosen. 3 To these He also presented Himself alive after His suffering, by many convincing proofs, appearing to them over a period of forty days and speaking of the things concerning the kingdom of God. (NASB)

Verse 2 speaks of the Great Commission followed by His initial ascension. Verse 3 speaks of many convincing proofs over the next 40 days which remain mostly undocumented in Biblical canon. Note also:

John 20:30 Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; 31 but these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you may have life in His name. (NASB)

Again, we know in 1 Corinthians 15 focusing on verses 6-7 that other events occurred that did not make it into Biblical canon:

1 Corinthians 15:3 For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, 5 and that He appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. 6 After that He appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom remain until now, but some have fallen asleep; 7 then He appeared to James, then to all the apostles; 8 and last of all, as to one untimely born, He appeared to me also. 9 For I am the least of the apostles, and not fit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. 10 But by the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace toward me did not prove vain; but I labored even more than all of them, yet not I, but the grace of God with me. (NASB)

Author’s Note: The “church of God” that Saul (Heb. Sha’ul) persecuted in v9 was the “sect” called The Way (Heb. HaDerech) documented in the Dead Sea Scrolls; see Acts 9:1-31; 19:8-10,23-27; 22:1-16; and 24:1-16 focusing on vv14-15.

The two witnesses of Revelation, Enoch and Elijah, will fill in the gaps for those believers who endure to at least mid-Tribulation.


Be sure to read the companion articles in the Passover/Unleavened Bread series as well as the events leading up to them:

Shema Yisrael! (Hear, Israel!)

Copyright (C) 1995-2018, L. Alan Schuetz. All rights reserved.


2 Timothy 2:15 Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth. (NASB)

HaDerech Scroll - Paleo-Hebrew

19 Abib: Christ’s Empty Tomb Discovered

Mark 16:1 When the Sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought spices, so that they might come and anoint Him. 2 Very early on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb when the sun had risen. 3 They were saying to one another, “Who will roll away the stone for us from the entrance of the tomb?” 4 Looking up, they saw that the stone had been rolled away, although it was extremely large. (NASB)

On this day in history… 19 Abib in 36 CE, the first day of the week (evening of 4/8 and focusing on the morning of 4/9) and the fifth day of Unleavened Bread, the following occurred:

All four passages may be read here for your convenience.

Now, read Mark 16:9-20. Focus on verse 9 and read the footnote:

Mark 16:9 Now after He had risen early on the first day of the week, He first appeared to Mary Magdalene, from whom He had cast out seven demons. (NASB)

Footnotes:
a. Mark 16:9 Later mss add vv 9-20

Author’s Note: mss = manuscripts

Do you see how some of the Scriptures have been adulterated — how lies were introduced (concentrating on v9)? Christ arose as Lord of the weekly Sabbath on 18 Abib — NOT the first day of the week! Now, examine v20 and its footnote:

Mark 16:20 And they went out and preached everywhere, while the Lord worked with them, and confirmed the word by the signs that followed.

[[b]And they promptly reported all these instructions to Peter and his companions. And after that, Jesus Himself sent out through them from east to west the sacred and imperishable proclamation of eternal salvation.] (NASB)

Footnotes:
b. Mark 16:20 A few late mss and versions contain this paragraph, usually after v 8; a few have it at the end of ch

What does the Bible say regarding to adding to or taking away from the Word?

Deuteronomy 4:2 You shall not add to the word which I am commanding you, nor take away from it, that you may keep the commandments of the Lord your God which I command you. (NASB)

Deuteronomy 12:32 “Whatever I command you, you shall be careful to do; you shall not add to nor take away from it.” (NASB)

Revelation 22:18-19 states the same but is relegated specifically to that prophetic book.

The bottom line is that LATER manuscripts introduced Satan’s lies through early church “fathers.” In Christ’s own words:

Matthew 23:9 Do not call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, He who is in heaven. (NASB)

By what honorific is the pope addressed? Holy Father! The arrogance is shocking, isn’t it?

There is only ONE way – THE WAY! How can there be so many movements, denominations, sects, orders, and rites all proclaiming to teach the truth? Have they not added to the Word through false traditions (embellishments not found in the Scriptures), precepts of men (manufactured theology), and doctrines of demons (assimilated paganism)? The Scriptures warn us specifically against ALL OF THESE! See 1 Timothy 4:1-5; Matthew 15:4-11. Note that Matthew 15:5 is in reference to the korban sacrifices.

In modern Judaism, there are primarily Orthodox, Conservative, Reform/Progressive, and Karaite movements; in Catholicism, there is Roman as well as Greek Orthodoxy with numerous orders and rites; in Protestantism, there are movements such as evangelical, charismatic, and fundamentalist with denominations such as Episcopalians, Lutherans, Mennonites, Anglicans, Calvinists, Presbyterians, Baptists, Amish, Quakers, Methodists, Seventh Day Adventists, Pentecostals, Assemblies of God, Church of God, Church of Christ, Disciples of Christ, and many others of varying flavors; and finally there are Latter Day Saints/Mormons, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and numerous non-denominational churches.

Study the Bible as it is presented… PLAINLY and SIMPLY! If a Study Bible states that a passage was not found in early manuscripts, redact it with indelible ink — it is NOT of God!


Be sure to read the companion articles in the Passover/Unleavened Bread series as well as the events leading up to them:

Shema Yisrael! (Hear, Israel!)

Copyright (C) 1995-2018, L. Alan Schuetz. All rights reserved.


2 Timothy 2:15 Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth. (NASB)

HaDerech Scroll - Paleo-Hebrew

18 Abib: The TRUE Resurrection Day

1 Corinthians 15:20 But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. 21 For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. (NASB)

On this day in history… 18 Abib in 36 CE the first weekly Sabbath after the Passover, seventh day of the week (evening of 4/7 and morning of 4/8) and fourth day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, several things regarding the priesthood occurred.

Examine p.2 of the calendar of the Most High discovered among the Dead Sea Scrolls. When did the 24 Levitical divisions (Heb. mishmarot) commence? 18 Abib!

Let’s examine that passage when these were assigned by lot during the reign of Solomon (Heb. Shlomoh):

1 Chronicles 24:7 Now the first lot came out for Jehoiarib, the second for Jedaiah, 8 the third for Harim, the fourth for Seorim, 9 the fifth for Malchijah, the sixth for Mijamin, 10 the seventh for Hakkoz, the eighth for Abijah, 11 the ninth for Jeshua, the tenth for Shecaniah, 12 the eleventh for Eliashib, the twelfth for Jakim, 13 the thirteenth for Huppah, the fourteenth for Jeshebeab, 14 the fifteenth for Bilgah, the sixteenth for Immer, 15 the seventeenth for Hezir, the eighteenth for Happizzez, 16 the nineteenth for Pethahiah, the twentieth for Jehezkel, 17 the twenty-first for Jachin, the twenty-second for Gamul, 18 the twenty-third for Delaiah, the twenty-fourth for Maaziah. (NASB)

Please read 1 Chronicles chapters 23-24 in context.

What is so important about these 24 divisions other than with the commencement of these on 18 Abib on the Most High’s calendar? Let’s examine the 24 elders in the Book of Revelation:

Revelation 4:4 Around the throne were twenty-four thrones; and upon the thrones I saw twenty-four elders sitting, clothed in white garments, and golden crowns on their heads. (NASB)

Revelation 4:9 And when the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to Him who sits on the throne, to Him who lives forever and ever, 10 the twenty-four elders will fall down before Him who sits on the throne, and will worship Him who lives forever and ever, and will cast their crowns before the throne, saying, 11 “Worthy are You, our Lord and our God, to receive glory and honor and power; for You created all things, and because of Your will they existed, and were created.” (NASB)

Also read the following passages:

All three may be read here for your convenience. Yes, these 24 elders play a prominent, supporting role at the end of days.

But, there is one priestly order that is greater than the Aaronic/Leviticalthe order of Melchizedek (Heb. Malki-tsedeq; =my King is Righteous[ness]). This is the one to whom Abram (before he was renamed Abraham) gave a tenth of the choicest spoils who had no earthly lineage (Hebrews 7:3):

Genesis 14:17 Then after his return from the defeat of Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet him at the valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley). 18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine; now he was a priest of God Most High. 19 He blessed him and said,

“Blessed be Abram of God Most High (lit. El Elyon),
Possessor of heaven and earth;
20 And blessed be God Most High,
Who has delivered your enemies into your hand.”
He gave him a tenth of all. (NASB)

So, Malki-tsedeq, the priest of El Elyon (=God Most High; aka the Father), who was the king of Salem (aka Jerusalem) brought out BREAD and WINE! What was served at the Last Supper? Bread and wine ONLY. The Passover seder on the first day of Unleavened Bread is comprised of roasted lamb, unleavened bread, and bitter herbs (Exodus 12:6-13 concentrating on vv8-9). The other “symbolic foods” are not found in the TaNaKh and were added latter by rabbinic tradition.

Psalm 110:1 [Lit. Yahoah] says to my lord:
“Sit at My right hand
Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.”

2 [Lit. Yahoah] will stretch forth Your strong scepter from Zion, saying,
“Rule in the midst of Your enemies.”
3 Your people will volunteer freely in the day of Your power;
In holy array, from the womb of the dawn,
Your youth are to You as the dew.
4 [Lit. Yahoah] has sworn and will not change His mind,
“You are a priest forever
According to the order of Melchizedek.”
(NASB)

Fulfillment of this prophesy is found in Hebrews 7; the following passage bears repeating:

Hebrews 7:11 Now if perfection was through the Levitical priesthood (for on the basis of it the people received the Law), what further need was therefor another priest to arise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be designated according to the order of Aaron? 12 For when the priesthood is changed, of necessity there takes place a change of law also. (NASB)

New Law = New (and better!) Covenant

What’s even more important is v3, referenced above and bears repeating:

Hebrews 7:3 Without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, he remains a priest perpetually. (NASB)

This was the day that the incarnate Christ was resurrected to FULFILL His place as high priest — NOT pagan Easter Sunday. Nothing changed after Christ’s crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension nor after the Holy Spirit was sent! The weekly Sabbath was NEVER supplanted; it was the first of God’s appointed times (Heb. mo’edim) from the Creation. It is the LORD’S DAY — NOT the “day of the sun!”

Matthew 12:8 For the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath. (NASB)

Mark 2:28 “So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.” (NASB)

Luke 6:5 And He was saying to them, “The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.” (NASB)

Was there Sunday worship in the Book of Acts? Certainly not! That false practice — intentionally to remove the Law from Christ was cemented at the Council of Nicaea! The evidence is clear: Acts 13:14, 13:42, 13:44, 16:13, 17:2, and 18:4.

Study Hebrews 4 with understanding…

So, again Christ was resurrected on 18 Abib with His empty tomb discovered on the first day of the week (19 Abib).

Matthew 28:5 The angel said to the women, “Do not be afraid; for I know that you are looking for Jesus who has been crucified. 6 He is not here, for He has risen, just as He said. Come, see the place where He was lying. 7 Go quickly and tell His disciples that He has risen from the dead; and behold, He is going ahead of you into Galilee, there you will see Him; behold, I have told you.” (NASB)

Yehoshu’a HaMashiach (Eng. Joshua the Messiah/Anointed One) is our Messiah, Redeemer, and Salvation, who conquered death itself! Praise the Father (Heb. El) — the Most High (Heb. Elyon) — and the Son (Heb. Yahoah [preinarnate]/Yehoshu’a [incarnate]). Blessed be His Name! Yahoah and Yehoshu’a are ONE (Heb. echad)! Praise to the Holy Spirit (Heb. Ruach HaKodesh)!


Be sure to read the companion articles in the Passover/Unleavened Bread series as well as the events leading up to them:

Shema Yisrael! (Hear, Israel!)

Copyright (C) 1995-2018, L. Alan Schuetz. All rights reserved.


2 Timothy 2:15 Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth. (NASB)

HaDerech Scroll - Paleo-Hebrew

Mo’ed: Chag HaMatzot (Feast of Unleavened Bread) – 15-21 Abib

Leviticus 23:6 “Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to [lit. Yahoah]; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. 8 But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to [lit. Yahoah]. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.” (NASB)

The following commenced on this day in history (evening of 4/4 and morning of 4/5) on 15 Abib — the fourth day of the week

Numbers 33:2 Moses recorded their starting places according to their journeys by the command of [lit. Yahoah], and these are their journeys according to their starting places. 3 They journeyed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the next day after the Passover the sons of Israel started out boldly in the sight of all the Egyptians, 4 while the Egyptians were burying all their firstborn whom [lit. Yahoah] had struck down among them. [Lit. Yahoah] had also executed judgments on their gods. (NASB)

Notice in the time of the Exodus that the Passover was clearly the day before the fifteenth in the first month (i.e., 14 Abib); this was corrupted much later under rabbinic Judaism as the Passover became confused with the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Heb. Chag HaMatzot) on 15 Nisan.

Also note that the Law (Heb. Torah) had not been given to Moses (Heb. Moshe) at this time as 15 Abib became an annual or high Sabbath to serve as a day of remembrance. But once given, here is the Law:

Leviticus 23:6 Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to [lit. Yahoah]; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. 8 But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to [lit. Yahoah]. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.’” (NASB)

Note that the first (15 Abib) and seventh (21 Abib) days of Unleavened Bread are holy convocations or annual/high Sabbaths.  15 Abib marked the first of three nights (evenings) and days (mornings) that Christ was dead and buried:

Matthew 12:39 But He answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; and yet no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet; 40 for just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. (NASB)

Again, I challenge ANYONE to explain how there can be a third night if Christ were crucified on Good Friday and resurrected on Easter/Resurrection Sunday morning.  Folks, if Christ were a liar, then everything in this world is for naught.

Luke 23:54 It was the preparation day, and the Sabbath was about to begin. 55 Now the women who had come with Him out of Galilee followed, and saw the tomb and how His body was laid. 56 Then they returned and prepared spices and perfumes. And on the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment. (NASB)

In verse 54, that Sabbath was the first day of Unleavened Bread on 15 Abib as the Passover/preparation day was drawing to a close and Christ was crucified and quickly buried. As it took time to purchase the ingredients to prepare the burial spices and perfumes, and they could not labor on 15 Abib as it was an annual Sabbath, those days were referencing 16-17 Abib (the second and third FULL “yomim” that Christ was buried). Then, they rested on the weekly Sabbath (18 Abib) in v56. How can this passage possibly be understood any other way?

The following took place in John 19:

John 19:38 After these things Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but a secret one for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His body. 39 Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds weight. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. 42 Therefore because of the Jewish day of preparation, since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there. (NASB)

So, Christ’s body had at least initial preparation (and a LOT of it!) at the closing of the Passover/preparation day on 14 Abib based on the efforts of Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus.  Then, the Galilean women saw the tomb and where his body was laid when the (annual) Sabbath was about to begin. Next, they left — and RETURNED with prepared spices and perfumes.  How does this all “magically” occur late in the day on Passover?  In two words: IT DOESN’T!  How can we know with certainty?  The very next verse in Luke:

Luke 24:1 But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they came to the tomb bringing the spices which they had prepared. (NASB)

When did that first day of the week (19 Abib) in 36 CE occur? On the day after the WEEKLY Sabbath (18 Abib)!


Be sure to read the companion articles in the Mo’edim (appointed times) and Agricultural Feasts series:

Shema Yisrael! (Hear, Israel!)

Copyright (C) 1995-2018, L. Alan Schuetz. All rights reserved.


2 Timothy 2:15 Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth. (NASB)

HaDerech Scroll - Paleo-Hebrew

Mo’ed: Pesach (Passover) – The Paschal Lamb of God – 14 Abib

Isaiah 53:4 Surely our griefs He Himself bore,
And our sorrows He carried;
Yet we ourselves esteemed Him stricken,
Smitten of God, and afflicted.
5 But He was pierced through for our transgressions,
He was crushed for our iniquities;
The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him,
And by His scourging we are healed.
6 All of us like sheep have gone astray,
Each of us has turned to his own way;
But [lit. Yahoah] has caused the iniquity of us all
To fall on Him. (NASB)

In accordance with the pagan Gregorian calendar during the “evening” of April 3rd and the “morning” of April 4th, arguably the third most important event of the Bible occurred (behind Christ’s Resurrection and the Holy Spirit’s being sent):  Christ’s crucifixion as the Lamb of God in 36 CE. This marks Passover (Heb. Pesach), the second of God’s immovable appointed times (Heb. mo’edim) in perpetuity. Although not everything in the movie is correct, now is the perfect time to watch The Passion of the Christ to remind us of the brutality that Yehoshu’a (=Yahoah saves; Gr. ‘Iesous/Eng. Joshua) underwent to become our Redeemer and Savior so that believers in Him may receive Grace (i.e., a judicial pardon/clemency) on Judgment Day.

On the morning of April 1, 2018, billions of unwitting Christians paid covert homage to Ēostre, the spring fertility goddess of the dawn, thinking they are celebrating Resurrection Day.  After their movable, sunrise Easter (“day of the Sun“) services, they paid no attention to the symbolism behind bunnies and eggs — both fertility symbols. Meanwhile, rabbinic Jews (Matthew 23:8) falsely began celebrating Passover on 15 Nisan – in contradiction to Torah – four evenings ago (March 30, 2018) based on their pagan Babylonian calendar and teachings from rabbinic “sages” in the Babylonian Talmud (Heb. Talmud Bavli).  For more on this Babylonian assimilation, see the article entitled: Revelation Study: Mystery Babylon.

To learn the truth, it is necessary to start at the beginning… I touched upon the differences between Passover/Preparation Day vs. Unleavened Bread and Weekly vs. Annual (or High) Sabbaths.  Now, those will be expounded upon.

What the Law of Moses (Heb. Moshe) States

The most definitive passage regarding the appointed times is in Leviticus 23. Let’s review what that chapter states about Passover and Unleavened Bread:

Leviticus 23:1 [Lit. Yahoah] spoke again to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘The [lit. Yahoah’s] appointed times (Heb. mo’edim; pl. of mo’ed) which you shall proclaim as holy convocations — My appointed times are these: (NASB)

Author’s Note: See how false rabbinic traditions regarding the recitation of the Tetragrammaton as the Heb. Adonai (=my lords) is actually invoking the Greek Adonis and the Babylonian Tammuz? Because of this false tradition of “not taking Yahoah’s Name in vain” (Exodus 20:7 and Deuteronomy 5:11), it has led to translators employing “the Lord(‘s)” throughout English translations as well as the incorrect Yahweh in textual analysis; see the article on Mystery Babylon for details. We can certainly say Yahoah within the context of the Scriptures; that is NOT taking His Name in vain!  Again, the basis is FALSE rabbinic tradition.  In fact, it led to their forgetting how to even pronounce The Name (Heb. HaShem) over the millenia.

Leviticus 23:5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month [lit. between the two evenings] is [lit. Yahoah’s] Passover. (NASB)

Leviticus 23:6 Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to [lit. Yahoah]; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. 8 But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to [lit. Yahoah]. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.’” (NASB)

Is the first (or seventh) month Nisan? (Author’s Note: Rabbinic Jews’ hearts are so hardened and are so confused that they even have TWO calendars — a civil and a religious/ecclessiatical.  It’s a wonder that any of them recognized their Messiah!).

Deuteronomy 16:1 “Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover to [lit. Yahoah] your [lit. Elohim], for in the month of Abib [lit. Yahoah] your [lit. Elohim] brought you out of Egypt by night. 2 You shall sacrifice the Passover to [lit. Yahoah] your [lit. Elohim] from the flock and the herd, in the place where [lit. Yahoah] chooses to establish His name. (NASB)

Elohim is the plural of Eloah.  Why is Elohim employed?  Because the tribe or family of El is comprised of the Father (Heb. Elyon; =Most High), Holy Spirit (Heb. Ruach HaKodesh; (=Spirit of the Holy One; Holy Spirit), the Son (preincarnate Yahoah and incarnate Yehoshu’a), 6-winged seraphim, 4-winged cherubim, ophanim, wingless arch-/angels, and the Heavenly host (Gr. sabaóth).  As these all abide in the Heavenly realm (and not the earthly), by definition, they are extraterrestrials.  For more on the Elohim, read the article Creation Week: Yom Rishon (First Day).

We know that the Gregorian and Masoretic calendars are pagan in origin, so what calendar correctly portrays this?  The one from the Dead Sea Scrolls housed at the Shrine of the Book; see the Qumran calendar.

The Original Passover

Now that we know with certainty from the Torah that Passover and Unleavened Bread are two DIFFERENT appointed times — with the former occuring on 14 Abib and the latter from 15-21 Abib with the 15th and 21st serving as annual or High Sabbaths — let’s review the original Passover story in Egypt.

There are three important things to remember at that point in history:

  1. The Israelites were captives in Egypt (specifically in the Land of Goshen),
  2. Egypt had endured nine of the ten plagues foretold to Pharoah (spoken directly from Yahoah to Moses), and
  3. The Law of Moses had NOT been given yet.

Although the specific pharaoh of the Exodus is not clearly identified in the Scriptures, Ramesses II was popularized as the pharaoh of Moses’ time in the 1956 movie The Ten Commandments.  Even the Book of Jubilees remains silent as to the explicit name of this Pharaoh.

Let’s pickup with the “death of the firstborn” in Exodus 11.

Exodus 11:1 Now [lit. Yahoah] said to Moses, “One more plague I will bring on Pharaoh and on Egypt; after that he will let you go from here. When he lets you go, he will surely drive you out from here completely.” (NASB)

Exodus 11:4 Moses said, “Thus says [lit. Yahoah], ‘About midnight I am going out into the midst of Egypt, 5 and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of the Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the slave girl who is behind the millstones; all the firstborn of the cattle as well. 6 Moreover, there shall be a great cry in all the land of Egypt, such as there has not been before and such as shall never be again. 7 But against any of the sons of Israel a dog will not even bark, whether against man or beast, that you may understand how [lit. Yahoah] makes a distinction between Egypt and Israel.’ (NASB)

Keep “about midnight” in your back pocket for a moment; we will revisit that. The significance of the paschal lamb is about to be discussed:

Exodus 12:1 Now [lit. Yahoah] said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 2 “This month shall be the beginning of months for you; it is to be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month they are each one to take a lamb for themselves, according to their fathers’ households, a lamb for each household. 4 Now if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his neighbor nearest to his house are to take one according to the number of persons in them; according to what each man should eat, you are to divide the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6 You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it at twilight. 7 Moreover, they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. 8 They shall eat the flesh that same night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. 9 Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but rather roasted with fire, both its head and its legs along with its entrails. 10 And you shall not leave any of it over until morning, but whatever is left of it until morning, you shall burn with fire. 11 Now you shall eat it in this manner: with your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste — it is [lit. Yahoah’s] Passover. 12 For I will go through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments — I am [lit. Yahoah]. 13 The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt. (NASB)

First of all, this reconfirms that Yahoah’s Passover is on the fourteenth of the first month. But, v5a provides the foreshadowing for the Lamb of God:

Exodus 12:5 Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old… (NASB)

Yehoshu’a is the Lamb of God (John 1:29). He is unblemished (i.e., sinless) who is obviously male.  But, the interesting thing to note is that most “theologians” and Biblical “scholars” contend that Christ’s ministry lasted three and a half years as three Passovers are mentioned in the Gospel of John.  What they fail to recognize from Torah is Second Passover (Heb. Pesach Sheni) on the 14th day of the second month.  This appointed time will be developed further below.

In the meantime know this:  Christ was born on the Feast of Weeks (Heb. Shavu’ot) in 6 CE during the census of Quirinius (Luke 2:2).  His ministry began when he was nearly 30 years old (Luke 3:23) — in fact, He was 28.  Recall that He was of the tribe of Judah — NOT Levi — therefore, the Levitical laws for priesthood did not apply (Hebrews 7:14).  In fact, He is of the order of Melchizedek (Heb. Malki-tsedeq; =my king is righteous[ness]).  It can be definitively deduced from the Scriptures that His ministry lasted EXACTY 574 yomim or 1.58 Qumran calendar years; see the article “Agricultural Feast: Chag Tirosh (New Wine)” for details.  Therefore, from a ministry perspective, He was a YEAR OLD AT THE TIME OF HIS CRUCIFIXION! He met ALL of the requirements for serving as the paschal lamb from Exodus 12:5a:

  1. Lamb of God,
  2. Unblemished (i.e., sinless),
  3. Male, and
  4. A year old (i.e., His ministry lasted 1.58 years).

When was the paschal lamb killed? On the 14th of the first month. When was Christ hung on a tree?  On 14 Abib in 36 CE.  Our God is truly omniscient!

Recall the “about midnight” statement in Exodus 11:4. Now, let’s examine the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Heb. Chag HaMatzot):

Feast of Unleavened Bread

Exodus 12:14 ‘Now this day will be a memorial to you, and you shall celebrate it as a feast to [lit. Yahoah]; throughout your generations you are to celebrate it as a permanent ordinance. 15 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, but on the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses; for whoever eats anything leavened from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel. 16 On the first day you shall have a holy assembly, and another holy assembly on the seventh day; no work at all shall be done on them, except what must be eaten by every person, that alone may be prepared by you. 17 You shall also observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this very day I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt; therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as a permanent ordinance. 18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. 19 Seven days there shall be no leaven found in your houses; for whoever eats what is leavened, that person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is an alien or a native of the land. 20 You shall not eat anything leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.’”

21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go and take for yourselves lambs according to your families, and slay the Passover lamb. 22 You shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood which is in the basin, and apply some of the blood that is in the basin to the lintel and the two doorposts; and none of you shall go outside the door of his house until morning.

A Memorial of Redemption

23 For [lit. Yahoah] will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, [lit. Yahoah] will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer to come in to your houses to smite you. 24 And you shall observe this event as an ordinance for you and your children forever. 25 When you enter the land which [lit. Yahoah] will give you, as He has promised, you shall observe this rite. 26 And when your children say to you, ‘What does this rite mean to you?’ 27 you shall say, ‘It is a Passover sacrifice to [lit. Yahoah] who passed over the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt when He smote the Egyptians, but spared our homes.’” And the people bowed low and worshiped.

28 Then the sons of Israel went and did so; just as [lit. Yahoah] had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.

29 Now it came about at midnight that [lit. Yahoah] struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of cattle. 30 Pharaoh arose in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians, and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was no home where there was not someone dead. (NASB)

Without sacrificial blood, there can be no Redemption nor Atonement; hence, the paschal lamb’s blood on the lintel and doorposts. We see from v29 that the actual act of the “Passover” did occur about midnight on 15 Abib (that’s why rabbinic Jews consider Passover to be on 15 Nisan). However, without the paschal sacrifice on 14 Abib, Israel would not have been spared from Yahoah’s wrath, either; see vv21-23 concentrating on v23. That last verse bears repeating:

Exodus 12:23 For [lit. Yahoah] will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, [lit. Yahoah] will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer to come in to your houses to smite you. (NASB)

THAT IS THE POINT THE JEWRY MISS! In Christ’s time in 36 CE, they were expecting the King of kings and Lord of lords to vanquish the Romans, but they didn’t realize that the Suffering Servant of Isaiah 53 had to come FIRST! The conquering Messiah is certainly coming (Revelation 19:11-16)!

He (i.e., Yehoshu’a in the incarnate form of Yahoah) shed His own blood — as the ultimate paschal sacrifice — so that believers in Him may have eternal life and not experience the second death!  Those who do not believe in Him will be judged by the Law, found guilty, and will be thrown into the lake of fire known as Gehenna on Judgment Day.  Read John 3:16 in context.  That is the whole point of Grace, which is a judicial pardon/clemency on Judgment Day; those who believe in Him — the paschal Lamb of God — WILL NOT BE JUDGED (although unworthy of His Grace).  And, “The Name (Heb. HaShem) of the only begotten Son of God” in v18 is Yehoshu’a (=Yahoah is salvation) — the Light of the first “yom” of Creation in vv19-21!

One fact remains from Exodus 12:18… that although Passover (14 Abib) and Unleavened Bread (15-21 Abib) are separate appointed times, they are inextricably linked.

Last Supper (NOT a Seder!)

Many “Biblical scholars” state that the Last Supper was a Passover seder.  Let’s set the baseline for the timeline:

Matthew 26:1 When Jesus had finished all these words, He said to His disciples, 2 “You know that after two days the Passover is coming, and the Son of Man is to be handed over for crucifixion.”
3 Then the chief priests and the elders of the people were gathered together in the court of the high priest, named Caiaphas; 4 and they plotted together to seize Jesus by stealth and kill Him. 5 But they were saying, “Not during the festival, otherwise a riot might occur among the people.” (NASB)

From v2 in Christ’s own words, we “know that after two days that the Passover is coming, and the Son of Man (Christ Himself) is to be handed over for crucifixion.”  Unfortunately, that does not tell us whether it is the 14th or 15th of Abib (mistakenly called Nisan from the time of the Babylonian captivity).  However, v5 makes it very clear that it was NOT to be on 15-21 Abib “during the festival.”

We know that the Triumphal Entry (Matthew 21:1-11) occurred on 9 Abib on the fifth day of the week in 36 CE (not Palm Sunday).  After cleansing the Temple (Matthew 21:12-16), He left for Bethany to spend the night (Matthew 21:17); that would have been the evening of 10 Abib on the sixth day of the week.  The next morning, He returned to the Temple in Jerusalem (Matthew 21:18) — still on 10 Abib, on which he taught again confounding the Pharisees and Sadducees while exposing their hypocrisy (Matthew 21:23-23:39).  He then left the Temple for the Mount of Olives (Matthew 24:1-3) and foretold of His Second Coming and of Judgment Day to His disciples (Matthew 24-25).  Although the opening of Matthew 26:1-2 appears to be a continuation of Matthew 24-25, it must have occurred on the weekly Sabbath of 11 Abib.  Let’s examine what the other Gospels state.

Let’s start with the Triumphal Entry (Mark 11:1-11).  Note a new piece of information in v11.  It was late on 9 Abib when He entered the Temple and looked around, so they returned to Bethany to spend the evening.  Therefore, the cleansing of the Temple (Mark 11:12-19) did not occur until the morning of 10 Abib.  Note in v19 that they left Jerusalem again that evening — once again returning to Bethany as we learned in Matthew 21:17.  The withered fig tree was encountered on the morning of 11 Abib, the weekly Sabbath (Mark 11:20-25; note that v26 did not appear in early manuscripts).  This does not mean that Matthew is incorrect; that account just omitted a piece of information regarding the exact timing of events that was reconciled on Mark.  Mark 11:27-13:37 generally concurs with Matthew 21:23-25:46 with some minor additions and differences.  Mark 14 then realigns with Matthew 26 — on 11 Abib, the weekly Sabbath; the Passover would be commencing on 14 Abib as Torah states.

Luke essentially mirrors the Matthew account where it appears that the cleansing of the Temple occurred on the same day as the Triumphal Entry (Luke 19:28-48).  John does not even discuss the cleansing of the Temple — only the Triumphal Entry (John 12:12-19).  But, what the John account does is nail down the date of the Triumphal Entry to 9 Abib (John 12:1-12 concentrating on vv1 and 12); reference the calendar from the Dead Sea Scrolls.

The point of this was to definitively denote that the Passover is on 14 Abib as is corroborated by Torah; it is NOT the “first day of Unleavened Bread” as translators mistakenly assume from false Jewish tradition.  The Torah is clear:  Passover/Preparation Day occurs on 14 Abib while Unleavened Bread is from 15-21 Abib — with the 15th and the 21st serving as annual Sabbaths.  To reiterate:

Leviticus 23:5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month [lit. between the two evenings] is [lit. Yahoah’s] Passover.

6 Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to [lit. Yahoah]; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. 8 But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to [lit. Yahoah]. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. (NASB)

Recall that Christ’s Hebrew Name is Yehoshu’a (Gr. ‘Iesous/Aram. Yeshua/Eng. Joshua), which means “Yahoah saves/is salvation.”  Just as Joshua, the son of Nun, led the Israelites into the Promised Land, so, too, does Joshua, the Son of God, lead believers in Him to salvation.

Now, to return to the meal itself…  How do we know that the Last Supper was not a Passover seder?  Because one key element was missing:  roasted lamb!  It is REQUIRED at a seder:  here is the Law regarding the Passover Lamb:

Exodus 12:1 Now [lit. Yahoah] said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 2 “This month shall be the beginning of months for you; it is to be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month they are each one to take a lamb for themselves, according to their fathers’ households, a lamb for each household. 4 Now if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his neighbor nearest to his house are to take one according to the number of persons in them; according to what each man should eat, you are to divide the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6 You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it [lit. between the evenings]. 7 Moreover, they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. 8 They shall eat the flesh that same night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. 9 Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but rather roasted with fire, both its head and its legs along with its entrails. 10 And you shall not leave any of it over until morning, but whatever is left of it until morning, you shall burn with fire. 11 Now you shall eat it in this manner: with your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste — it is [lit. Yahoah’s] Passover. 12 For I will go through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments — I am [lit. Yahoah]. 13 The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt. (NASB)

To reiterate the foreshadowing of Christ’s crucifixion from vv5-6:

  • He is the Lamb of God,
  • Unblemished (i.e., sinless),
  • Male,
  • A year old (i.e., His ministry on Earth lasted EXACTLY 574 yomim or 1.58 Qumran calendar years. — not 3-1/2 years as most “scholars” incorrectly state), and
  • Killed between the evenings (i.e., crucified during the “morning” of 14 Abib).

Note:  This is to occur in perpetuity on the Preparation Day (14 Abib); no work can be performed on an annual Sabbath.  The first day of Unleavened Bread (15 Abib) is an annual Sabbath.

Preparation Day

That’s a good segue into the topic of the Preparation Days.  As no work may be performed on a Sabbath — not even cooking, the day prior would be a preparation day.  On that day, one would perform the work for that day in addition to that of the Sabbath itself.  The concept originated during the Exodus (which is anything but a “founding myth” per the Wikipedia article) when the Israelites were to gather a double omer of manna per person prior to the Sabbath.  This is documented in Exodus 16:1-36 and Numbers 11:1-9.  The pertinent verses are:

Exodus 16:4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether or not they will walk in My instruction. 5 On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily. (NASB)

Exodus 16:15 When the sons of Israel saw it, they said to one another, “What is it?” For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, “It is the bread which [lit. Yahoah] has given you to eat. 16 This is what [lit. Yahoah] has commanded, ‘Gather of it every man as much as he should eat; you shall take an omer apiece according to the number of persons each of you has in his tent. (NASB)

Exodus 16:22 Now on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. When all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, 23 then he said to them, “This is what [lit. Yahoah] meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over put aside to be kept until morning.” 24 So they put it aside until morning, as Moses had ordered, and it did not become foul nor was there any worm in it. 25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a sabbath to [lit. Yahoah]; today you will not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the sabbath, there will be none.” (NASB)

There are fifty-two (52) weekly Sabbaths as well as the following seven (7) annual Sabbaths:

  • The first and last yomim of Unleavened Bread (Heb. Chag HaMatzot) on 15 Abib on the fourth yom of the week and 21 Abib on the third yom of the week;
  • Feast of Weeks (Heb. Chag Shavu’ot) on the fifteenth yom of the third month on the first yom of the week;
  • The Memorial/Day of Blasting [of Trumpets/Shofar] (Heb. Zichron/Yom Teruah) on the first yom of the seventh month on the fourth yom of the week (Rosh Hashanah is a false tradition manufactured by “rabbinic sages” and is certainly NOT the literal “head of the year”);
  • Day of Atonement (Heb. Yom Kippur) on the tenth yom of the seventh month on the sixth yom of the week; and
  • Feast of Tabernacles/Booths (Heb. Sukkot) on the fifteenth and twenty-second of the seventh month — both on the fourth yom of the week.

Author’s Note:  A Biblical yom is not the same as a modern SI day; the former is slightly longer; see the article “HaDerech: It’s About Time.”

The Preparation Day (14 Abib) in the New Testament is specifically mentioned before the first day of Unleavened Bread (15 Abib), which is an annual Sabbath:

Mark 15:42 When evening had already come, because it was the preparation day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, 43 Joseph of Arimathea came, a prominent member of the Council, who himself was waiting for the kingdom of God; and he gathered up courage and went in before Pilate, and asked for the body of Jesus. 44 Pilate wondered if He was dead by this time, and summoning the centurion, he questioned him as to whether He was already dead. 45 And ascertaining this from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph. 46 Joseph bought a linen cloth, took Him down, wrapped Him in the linen cloth and laid Him in a tomb which had been hewn out in the rock; and he rolled a stone against the entrance of the tomb. 47 Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses were looking on to see where He was laid. (NASB)

Note that because Joseph of Arimathea had touched Christ’s corpse, He had become unclean and could not participate in the Passover; however, he could participate in the Second Passover (Heb. Pesach Sheni) a month later (just not in the lunar month of Iyar as the Wikipedia article incorrectly states).  Do you see how God pre-planned everything?

Christ’s Crucifixion – Hung on a Tree for the False Charge of Blasphemy

So, why was Christ’s crucifixion so brutal?  Why was the Son of God treated so violently before His death?  Again, it goes back to the Law (Heb. Torah).  As was explored above, Yehoshu’a was falsely charged with the crime of blasphemy:

Matthew 26:59 Now the chief priests and the whole Council kept trying to obtain false testimony against Jesus [lit. Joshua], so that they might put Him to death. 60 They did not find any, even though many false witnesses came forward. But later on two came forward, 61 and said, “This man stated, ‘I am able to destroy the temple of God and to rebuild it in three days.’” 62 The high priest stood up and said to Him, “Do You not answer? What is it that these men are testifying against You?” 63 But Jesus kept silent. And the high priest said to Him, “I adjure You by the living God, that You tell us whether You are the Christ, the Son of God.” 64 Jesus [lit. Joshua] said to him, “You have said it yourself; nevertheless I tell you, hereafter you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven.”

65 Then the high priest tore his robes and said, “He has blasphemed! What further need do we have of witnesses? Behold, you have now heard the blasphemy; 66 what do you think?” They answered, “He deserves death!” (NASB)

Blasphemy is one of the capital crimes in the Torah requiring death.

Deuteronomy 21:22 “If a man has committed a sin worthy of death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, 23 his corpse shall not hang all night on the tree, but you shall surely bury him on the same day (for he who is hanged is accursed of God), so that you do not defile your land which the Lord your God gives you as an inheritance.” (NASB)

Note that burial is on the same day as when the “criminal” was put to death, but let’s put that aside for the moment.  To demonstrate El Elyon’s (=God Most High) in revealing his Son to us, Christ’s name and “crime” was inscribed on the titlos per standard Roman crucifixion:

John 19:19 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, “JESUS [lit. Joshua] THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS.” 20 Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Latin and in Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews’; but that He said, ‘I am King of the Jews.’” 22 Pilate answered, “What I have written I have written.” (NASB)

From this, the well-known Latin “INRI” and lesser known Greek “INBI” acronyms originated.  Christ’s exchange with Pilate beforehand is why “the King of the Jews” was inscribed:

Matthew 27:11 Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor questioned Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” And Jesus said to him, “It is as you say.” (NASB)

Returning to Pilate’s inscription, why would the chief priests care what was written in Hebrew — the Romans were executing the sentence they and their followers demanded (Matthew 27:15-26; Mark 15:6-15; Luke 23:1-25, John 19:1-15)?  In the time of Christ, there was no meteg, which functions like a comma (among other things).  This is why the inscription mattered; it as actually:

Joshua the Nazarene AND the King of the Jews

which transliterates to the following in Hebrew:

Yehoshu’a HaNatzri VeMelech HaYehudim

Taking the first letters of each work yields YHVH (yod-he-vav-he) or the TetragrammatonYahoah, the true pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton, is the preincarnate Christ — the firstborn of Creation; everything was created through and for Him, and in Him all things hold together (Colossians 1:15-20)!  Here it is in Google translate:

Pilate's Inscription in Hebrew

As far as I know, this was first proposed in Peter Michas’ book entitled “The Rod of an Almond Tree in God’s Master Plan.”  I do not agree with everything written in that book, but I believe Michas was spot on this topic; Robert Vander Maten allegedly proposed the idea in the early 1990’s.  For more information, see here.

So, why did the chief priests want to change the latter part of Pilate’s inscription?  Because the acrostic would have then become ‎יהומה, literally meaning “A Jew!”

The Significance of Christ’s Last Words

Mark 15:34 At the ninth hour [Joshua] cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is translated, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” (NASB)

Author’s Note: In the month of Abib, there are nine portions of daylight to nine portions of darkness; see The Book of the Courses of the Heavenly Luminaries: The Sun in 1 Enoch 72. The Koine Greek hòra (Strong’s 5610) is mistranslated as a modern hour; it means a “time period” or “portion of time.” A Biblical yom is slightly longer than a modern SI day, and there are eighteen (18) portions in it; see the article “HaDerech: It’s About Time” for details. Bottom line: The ninth portion of daylight on 14 Abib would refer to approximately the last hour and a half of that yom, so it was late in the afternoon.

With the last of His strength, Yehoshu’a cried out those specific words — “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” — which is a DIRECT REFERENCE TO PSALM 22! Reciting the first portion of a passage implies the ENTIRE passage. Let’s examine that:

Psalm 22:1 My God, my God, why have You forsaken me? (Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34)
Far from my deliverance are the words of my groaning.
2 O my God, I cry by day, but You do not answer;
And by night, but I have no rest.
3 Yet You are holy,
O You who are enthroned upon the praises of Israel.
4 In You our fathers trusted;
They trusted and You delivered them.
5 To You they cried out and were delivered;
In You they trusted and were not disappointed.
6 But I am a worm and not a man,
A reproach of men and despised by the people. (Deuteronomy 21:22-23; Galatians 3:13-14)
7 All who see me sneer at me;
They separate with the lip, they wag the head, saying,
8 “Commit yourself to the Lord (lit. Yahoah); let Him deliver him;
Let Him rescue him, because He delights in him.” (Matthew 27:39-43; Mark 15:29-32; Luke 23:35)
9 Yet You are He who brought me forth from the womb;
You made me trust when upon my mother’s breasts.
10 Upon You I was cast from birth;
You have been my God from my mother’s womb. (Matthew 1:18-25)
11 Be not far from me, for trouble is near;
For there is none to help.
12 Many bulls have surrounded me;
Strong bulls of Bashan have encircled me.
13 They open wide their mouth at me,
As a ravening and a roaring lion.
14 I am poured out like water, (John 19:34)
And all my bones are out of joint;
My heart is like wax;
It is melted within me.
15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd,
And my tongue cleaves to my jaws; (Matthew 27:47-48; Mark 15:35-36; Luke 23:36-37; John 19:28-30)
And You lay me in the dust of death.
16 For dogs have surrounded me; (Matthew 7:6)
A band of evildoers has encompassed me; (Matthew 23)
They pierced my hands and my feet. (Crucifixion: one method is to be hung on a tree!)
17 I can count all my bones.
They look, they stare at me;
18 They divide my garments among them,
And for my clothing they cast lots. (Matthew 27:35, Mark 15:24, Luke 23:34, and John 19:24)
19 But You, O Lord (lit. Yahoah), be not far off;
O You my help, hasten to my assistance.
20 Deliver my soul from the sword,
My only life from the power of the dog.
21 Save me from the lion’s mouth;
From the horns of the wild oxen You answer me.
22 I will tell of Your name to my brethren;
In the midst of the assembly I will praise You.
23 You who fear the Lord (lit. Yahoah), praise Him;
All you descendants of Jacob, glorify Him,
And stand in awe of Him, all you descendants of Israel.
24 For He has not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted;
Nor has He hidden His face from him;
But when he cried to Him for help, He heard.
25 From You comes my praise in the great assembly;
I shall pay my vows before those who fear Him.
26 The afflicted will eat and be satisfied;
Those who seek Him will praise the Lord (lit. Yahoah).
Let your heart live forever!
27 All the ends of the earth will remember and turn to the Lord (lit. Yahoah),
And all the families of the nations will worship before You.
28 For the kingdom is the Lord’s (lit. Yahoah’s)
And He rules over the nations.
29 All the prosperous of the earth will eat and worship,
All those who go down to the dust will bow before Him,
Even he who cannot keep his soul alive.
30 Posterity will serve Him;
It will be told of the Lord (lit. Yahoah) to the coming generation.
31 They will come and will declare His righteousness
To a people who will be born, that He has performed it. (NASB)

Just to be more explicit about the fulfillment of Psalm 22 and an allusion of the Judgment to come in Matthew 25:31-48:

John 19:28 After this, Jesus [lit. Joshua], knowing that all things had already been accomplished, to fulfill the Scripture, said, “I am thirsty.” 29 A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so they put a sponge full of the sour wine upon a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth. 30 Therefore when Jesus [lit. Joshua] had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit. (NASB)

Christ’s Burial on the Same Day — BEFORE the High Sabbath on 15 Abib

As was discussed above, Christ was buried on the same day that He was “hung on a tree” (14 Abib in 36 CE) so that this “blasphemer” would not defile the Promised Land per the Law.

John 19:38 After these things Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus [lit. Joshua], but a secret one for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His body. 39 Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds weight. 40 So they took the body of Jesus [lit. Joshua] and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. 42 Therefore because of the Jewish day of preparation, since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there. (NASB)

What was the modus operandi for Christ’s “criminal act?”  It’s quite simple:

Galatians 3:13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us — for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree” — 14 in order that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we would receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. (NASB)

That’s truly amazing, isn’t it?  Christ died for ALL of us so that we may everlasting life!  Folks, that passage in Galatians sums up the New Covenant/Testament (Heb. B’rit Chadashah) in a nutshell.

Be sure to read the companion articles in the Mo’edim and Agricultural Feasts series:

Shema Yisrael! (Hear, Israel!)

Copyright (C) 1995-2018, L. Alan Schuetz. All rights reserved.


2 Timothy 2:15 Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth. (NASB)

HaDerech Scroll - Paleo-Hebrew

Preparation Day/Passover vs Unleavened Bread and Weekly vs Annual/High Sabbaths

Exodus 12:1 Now the Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 2 “This month shall be the beginning of months for you; it is to be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month they are each one to take a lamb for themselves, according to their fathers’ households, a lamb for each household. 4 Now if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his neighbor nearest to his house are to take one according to the number of persons in them; according to what each man should eat, you are to divide the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6 You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it at twilight. 7 Moreover, they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. 8 They shall eat the flesh that same night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. 9 Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but rather roasted with fire, both its head and its legs along with its entrails. 10 And you shall not leave any of it over until morning, but whatever is left of it until morning, you shall burn with fire. 11 Now you shall eat it in this manner: with your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste — it is the Lord’s Passover. 12 For I will go through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments — I am the Lord. 13 The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt. (NASB)

Before picking up with the rest of the story, let’s take a brief intermission to explore the following:

  • Passover,
  • Unleavened Bread,
  • Preparation Day, and
  • The Weekly vs. Annual/High Sabbaths.

By Christ’s time when incarnate (c. 6-36 CE), rabbinic Judaism (Matthew 23:8) had corrupted the Law (Torah) so badly that they confused the Passover with the first day of Unleavened Bread with both occurring on 15 Nisan; that continues to this day.

This is what the Law states:

Leviticus 23:5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight is the Lord’s (lit. Yahoah’s) Passover. (NASB)

Exodus 12:5 Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6 You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it at twilight. (NASB)

What’s interesting about verse 5 is that Christ is the unblemished (i.e., sinless) Lamb of God. Most theologians believe that Christ’s ministry lasted three and a half years as three Passovers are mentioned in the Book of John. What they fail to realize is that there is a Second Passover (Heb. Pesach Sheni) on the 14th day of the SECOND month on the fifth day of the week each year IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAW!

Numbers 9:9 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 10 “Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘If any one of you or of your generations becomes unclean because of a dead person, or is on a distant journey, he may, however, observe the Passover to the Lord. 11 In the second month on the fourteenth day at twilight, they shall observe it; they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. 12 They shall leave none of it until morning, nor break a bone of it; according to all the statute of the Passover they shall observe it. 13 But the man who is clean and is not on a journey, and yet neglects to observe the Passover, that person shall then be cut off from his people, for he did not present the offering of the Lord at its appointed time. That man will bear his sin. 14 If an alien sojourns among you and observes the Passover to the Lord, according to the statute of the Passover and according to its ordinance, so he shall do; you shall have one statute, both for the alien and for the native of the land.’” (NASB)

Author’s Note: The word “alien” (Heb. ger[im]) in v14 is in regard to a proselyte to Judaism.

Christ’s ministry was, in fact, slightly over a year and a half total! He certainly met ALL the requirements of Exodus 12:5 — He was an unblemished, male, one-year old, Lamb of God! As will be discussed in an article later in the year, His ministry on Earth lasted EXACTLY 574 yomim or 1.58 Qumran calendar years. And, just to be clear, Abib — NOT Nisan (nor Tishri) — is the first month per the Law:

Deuteronomy 16:1 “Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover to the Lord your God, for in the month of Abib the Lord your God brought you out of Egypt by night.” (NASB)

Again, the pagan Masoretic calendar was followed in Jerusalem at that time. That is one of many reasons why the “sect” called The Way (Heb. HaDerech) in Acts separated themselves from the corruption being practiced in Jerusalem with:

  1. the chaste, male, Jewish priests, Levites, Israelites, and proselytes in the desert wilderness of Qumran 15 miles to the east [i.e., the voice crying out in the wilderness], and
  2. the Congregation of men and women in Damascus, Syria.

Where was Saul (Heb. Sha’ul) going to persecute the men and women of The Way under direct orders from the Great Sanhedrin (Acts 22:4-5)? Damascus (Acts 9:1-19, 22:3-21)! Flavius Josephus, a Jewish historian and self-described Pharisee, derogatorily referred to this sect as Essenes (=pious ones). They NEVER referred to themselves as such and were certainly NOT a branch of the Pharisees! See what Christ thought of Pharisees in Matthew 23.

What exactly is the Preparation Day? It is the day immediately preceding a sabbath, a holy convocation and day of rest. As a sabbath is a day of rest, even no meal preparation was permitted! Most people know about the weekly sabbaths, but few know about the ANNUAL or HIGH sabbaths. During Unleavened Bread, there are TWO annual sabbaths, the first and seventh days of the feast:

Leviticus 23:6 Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. 8 But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.’” (NASB)

The day before these two annual sabbaths would be a preparation day. What day fell before the first annual sabbath of Unleavened Bread on 15 Abib? The Passover, which is a Preparation Day, on 14 Abib!

How can “New Testament-only Christians” fully understand the NT without understanding the OT? Are you getting this yet? Christ was NOT crucified on Good Friday and resurrected on Easter Sunday morning; He was crucified on the Passover (14 Abib) — the THIRD day of the week — and was quickly buried before the ANNUAL sabbath on the first day of Unleavened Bread!

Also, He was buried for three days AND NIGHTS per the Jonah prophesy:

Matthew 12:39 But He answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; and yet no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet; 40 for just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. (NASB)

I challenge anyone to explain how one arrives at three NIGHTS if Christ were crucified and buried on Good Friday with His empty tomb discovered Easter Sunday morning. Is the Son of God a liar? We have been deceived since the Council of Nicaea. He was dead and buried from 15-17 Abib, was resurrected as Lord of the (weekly) sabbath (Matthew 12:8) on 18 Abib, and His empty tomb was discovered early (during the waning hours of “evening” just before daybreak) on the first day of the week (19 Abib)!

Shema Yisrael! (Hear, Israel!) Your Redeemer — the Lamb of God, the Suffering Servant of Isaiah 53 — is Yehoshu’a HaMashiach (Joshua the Messiah)!


Be sure to read the companion articles in the Passover/Unleavened Bread series as well as the events leading up to them:

Copyright (C) 2018, L. Alan Schuetz. All rights reserved.


2 Timothy 2:15 Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth. (NASB)

HaDerech Scroll - Paleo-Hebrew